to_utc_timestamp(timestamp: ColumnOrName, tz: ColumnOrName) → pyspark.sql.column.Column¶
This is a common function for databases supporting TIMESTAMP WITHOUT TIMEZONE. This function takes a timestamp which is timezone-agnostic, and interprets it as a timestamp in the given timezone, and renders that timestamp as a timestamp in UTC.
However, timestamp in Spark represents number of microseconds from the Unix epoch, which is not timezone-agnostic. So in Spark this function just shift the timestamp value from the given timezone to UTC timezone.
This function may return confusing result if the input is a string with timezone, e.g. ‘2018-03-13T06:18:23+00:00’. The reason is that, Spark firstly cast the string to timestamp according to the timezone in the string, and finally display the result by converting the timestamp to string according to the session local timezone.
the column that contains timestamps
A string detailing the time zone ID that the input should be adjusted to. It should be in the format of either region-based zone IDs or zone offsets. Region IDs must have the form ‘area/city’, such as ‘America/Los_Angeles’. Zone offsets must be in the format ‘(+|-)HH:mm’, for example ‘-08:00’ or ‘+01:00’. Also ‘UTC’ and ‘Z’ are upported as aliases of ‘+00:00’. Other short names are not recommended to use because they can be ambiguous.
tz can take a
Columncontaining timezone ID strings.
>>> df = spark.createDataFrame([('1997-02-28 10:30:00', 'JST')], ['ts', 'tz']) >>> df.select(to_utc_timestamp(df.ts, "PST").alias('utc_time')).collect() [Row(utc_time=datetime.datetime(1997, 2, 28, 18, 30))] >>> df.select(to_utc_timestamp(df.ts, df.tz).alias('utc_time')).collect() [Row(utc_time=datetime.datetime(1997, 2, 28, 1, 30))]